| Ed.D., Managing Research Scientist, Deputy Director, Education and Human
Development Program, American Institutes for Research (AIR)-Director of
Dr. Parrish combines expertise in education research and project management
with direct experience as an educator. In addition to more than twenty-five
years of experience leading and participating in a variety of educational
policy studies, he spent five years teaching students with learning difficulties
from diverse ethnic and cultural backgrounds. Education cost analysis
and finance are areas of specialization for Dr. Parrish, who has a broad
range of experience directing and providing leadership for projects in
At AIR Dr. Parrish serves as the Deputy Director, Education and Human
Development Program. He also serves as the Director of the Center for
Special Education Finance (CSEF) which is funded by the U.S. Department
of Education, Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP). The center
is involved in research addressing the national agenda for special education
finance and in conducing state and federal studies on the impact of special
education finance reform. Dr. Parrish's work focuses on key issues related
to special education finance, conducting studies that inform these issues,
and providing presentations and consultation to special educators and
policymakers across the U.S.
Current AIR projects include establishing special education adequacy
standards for New York State. This project, funded by the Atlantic foundation,
the Ford Foundation, and the Gates Foundation includes direct interaction
with teachers and special education administrators from around the state.
A second project, currently being completed for the Office of the Independent
Monitor for Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD), documents the
related services being received by a large sample of LAUSD students. A
third project for California is an evaluation of the Implementation of
Proposition 227, which specifies instructional program provisions for
Recent publications include "Special education in the city: How has the
money been spent and what do we have to show for it" in the Journal of Special
Education Leadership, "A Study of the Kentucky Schools for the Deaf and Blind"
for the Kentucky State Board of Education, and a chapter on "Racial disparities
in the identification, funding and provisions of special education," recently
published by the Harvard Education Press. He also co-edited and contributed
several chapters to Funding Special Education, a book released by Corwin Press.
Dr. Parrish received his doctorate at Stanford University in Educational Policy and Administration,
where his dissertation focused on special education cost and funding issues in California.
Send e-mail to Tom Parrish.